Thursday 5 June 2014

Lockerbie victims' relatives join with Megrahi family in seeking review of conviction

[What follows is the text of a press briefing issued by Aamer Anwar following this morning’s press conference:]

When Pan Am Flight 103 exploded over Lockerbie on 21 December 1988, 270 people from 21 countries perished and it remains the worst terrorist atrocity ever committed in the UK.
Its consequences continue to reverberate round the world and yet after a quarter of a century, the truth remains elusive.
The application being lodged later this morning with the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission (SCCRC) seeks to overturn the conviction of Abdelbaset Ali Mohmed al-Megrahi for murder.
The application is submitted on behalf of:-
i)                    Dr Jim Swire, Rev’d John F Mosey and 22 other British relatives of passengers who died on board Pan Am Flight 103.
ii)                  I can also advise that the six immediate family members of the late Abdelbaset al-Megrahi have also instructed me to make the application.
The Commission has been requested not to release the names of the Megrahi family given serious concerns for their safety in the current highly volatile situation in Libya.
British family members apart from Dr Jim Swire and Rev John F. Mosey have also requested that their details are not released into the public domain.
The Commission determined on the 28th June 2007 that Abdelbaset al-Megrahi may have suffered a miscarriage of justice in relation to his conviction and identified six grounds for referring the case to the High Court. We have asked the Commission to reconfirm these six grounds.  
We have also requested the Commission add the Grounds of Appeal and supporting documentation already submitted to the High Court in connection with the second appeal (See
We have also requested that the Commission consider referring the case:
(a)   On the ground of the Crown’s non-disclosure to the defence of evidence relating to the difference in metallurgical composition between the fragment of circuit board PT35b and the circuit boards in the timers supplied by MEBO to Libya. Put simply the timer claimed by the Crown to be responsible for the bombing cannot be possible.
(b)   On the ground of the evidence uncovered which demonstrates that the bomb suitcase was already in Pan Am 103 luggage container AVE4041 before the feeder flight from Frankfurt arrived at Heathrow with, as the Crown contended and the trial court accepted, a suitcase from Malta which contained the bomb.
Special circumstances
The Commission have been asked to address the issue of whether it is in the interests of justice to refer the case to the High Court for a further appeal.
Despite the hysteria that greeted the release of Mr al-Megrahi many were unaware that the case had been referred back to the Court of Appeal by the SCCRC in 2007.
Its chairman Graham Forbes at the time said:-
"The Commission is of the view, based upon our lengthy investigations, the new evidence we have found and other evidence which was not before the tri al court, that the applicant may have suffered a miscarriage of justice."
The case of Abdelbasset Al- Megrahi has been described as the worst miscarriage of justice in British legal history.A reversal of the verdict would mean that the governments of the United States and the United Kingdom would stand exposed as having lived a monumental lie for 25 years and having imprisoned a man they knew to be innocent for ten years.

The Appeal was commenced but following the diagnosis of terminal cancer it was suddenly abandoned in 2009. The application being lodged this morning deals with the circumstances that lead to Mr Megrahi abandoning his appeal.
i)                    To date both the British Government and Scottish Government have claimed that they played no role in pressuring Mr  Megrahi into dropping his appeal as a condition of his immediate release. However the evidence submitted to the Commission today claims that this is fundamentally untrue.
ii)                  It is submitted that there is evidence which will show that it was impossible for Megrahi to have bought clothes that were found in the wreckage of the Pan Am aircraft.
iii)                Mr Megrahi was convicted on the word of a Maltese shop owner who claimed to have sold him the clothes, then gave a false description of him in multiple statements and failed to recognise him in the courtroom.
iv)                New evidence claims that the fragment of a circuit board and bomb timer, "discovered" in the Scottish countryside could not have been responsible for the bombing.
v)                  New evidence claims the impossibility of the bomb beginning its journey in Malta before it was ‘transferred’ through two airports undetected to Pan Am Flight 103.
vi)                There is a multitude of serious question marks over material evidence, and most worryingly, allegations of the Crown’s non-disclosure of evidence which could have been key to the defence.
vii)              The fundamental question for the Commission is whether it regards it as in the interests of justice to refer a case back to the High Court where the convicted person himself had commenced an appeal on a SCCRC reference and then chosen to abandon it?
The answer might depend on the precise circumstances in which the appellant came to abandon his appeal.
Mr Megrahi's terminal illness; the fact that prisoner transfer was not open while the appeal was ongoing; and whether Mr Megrahi had no way of knowing that Kenny MacAskill would ultimately opt for compassionate release rather than prisoner transfer, or as is alleged that he was led to believe that he would not be released unless he dropped his appeal.
viii)            Documents have claimed that Scottish police officers and FBI agents had discussed as early as September 1989 ‘an offer of unlimited money to the Maltese shop keeper Tony Gauci.
If it is unacceptable to offer bribes, inducements or rewards to any witness in a routine murder trial in Glasgow then it should have been unacceptable to have done it in the biggest case of mass murder ever carried out in Europe.
Gauci was central to Megrahi’s conviction because the clothes recovered from the suitcase that carried the bomb onto Pan Am 103 at Heathrow, bound for New York, were traced back to his shop.
Various reports have claimed that Tony Gauci received more than $2m and his brother more than $1m in reward money.
It is important to note that this is the first time in legal history in the UK that relatives of murdered victims have united with the relatives of a ‘convicted’ deceased to seek justice by means of a referral to the Appeal Court.
I also wish to quote the following:-
“We the family of Abdelbaset Al-Megrahi will keep fighting for justice to find out who was responsible for 271 victims of the Lockerbie disaster.” (They of course include Mr Megrahi as its 271st victim)
The Scottish Cabinet Secretary for Justice, Kenny MacAskill has said that “Scotland's Criminal Justice system is a cornerstone of our society, and it is paramount that there is total public confidence in it.”
Fine words indeed but the reputation of the Scottish criminal justice system has suffered badly both at home and internationally because of widespread doubts about the justifiability of the conviction of Mr Al-Megrahi.
It is in the interests of justice and of restoring confidence in our criminal justice system and its administration that these doubts be addressed. This can best be done by allowing the Appeal Court to consider the SCCRC's reasons for believing that there may have been a miscarriage of justice in a fresh appeal challenging the original verdict.

I am Dr Jim Swire, father of Flora Swire who, one day before her 24th birthday, was brutally murdered along with 269 others in the Lockerbie disaster. It has always been and remains my intent to see those responsible for her death brought to justice and steps taken to ensure a coherent preventive system against terrorism in the future.(...)
So by 1990 I was appalled by what I already knew concerning what appeared to me to be the betrayal of the trust which we should be able to place in our Government to protect us. Moreover there is no denying that the policies of Governments largely decide the targets which international terrorism is likely to choose. In no sphere nowadays is Government responsibility more important than in the protection of citizens against such attacks.(...)

As for me Jim Swire, father of Flora, I still ache for her, what might have been the grandchildren she would have had, the love she always gave us and the glowing medical career ? For me this case is about two families, mine and Baset’s, but behind them now are seen to lie the needs of 25 other families in applying for a further appeal 25 years after the event itself. (...) We need the truth and Scotland’s management of this case produced a verdict perfectly tailored for use by those who would seek to ensure that the full truth remains hidden.

If it is true that this man, Baset, and his country were not the perpetrators, then who really were? If the verdict is unjustified then the extraordinary delay experienced thus far in redressing it has protected the real perpetrators from the probing of international justice. (...) It has also protected the systems which failed to protect our families. The review of the evidence and verdict still lie with us in Scotland. We still have the option of re-examining this case in Scotland, if we do not do so it will pass to others to examine, and Scotland, her people and her law would be the losers.


  1. Petition for Kurt Maier to be recognised as the 272nd victim. Falsely blamed for missing the bomb when he x-rayed the transfer luggage for the feeder flight, and thereafter became a hopeless alcoholic in pitiful circumstances.

  2. Rolfe,

    Couldn't agree more. What happened to that man was pitiful.


  3. I have no positive information that it was cause and effect, but reading what was said about him in the US civil action (where he was explicitly blamed for the disaster by name, only as he was an Alert Security employee Pan Am carried the can) must have been absolutely traumatic. There's no evidence he was anything but a conscientious employee up till then.

    Then we discover that only weeks before he was scheduled to go through the same thing again at Camp Zeist he was found collapsed at home surrounded by hundreds of empty alcohol bottles. What are we supposed to think?

    A terrible burden was laid on that poor man, a burden that should have been borne by entirely different people. Who probably know who they are.

    Thank you very much to all appellants! You are excellent!
    It is a great support at the right moment, where Edwin and Mahnaz Bollier & MEBO Ltd. to call the 'European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) in this matter.
    by Edwin and Mahnaz Bollier, MEBO Ltd. Telecommunication Switzerland. Webpage:

  5. An excellent submission only spoilt by the superfluous inclusion of the Heathrow theory.

  6. The Heathrow evidence is what is going to hole the Crown below the waterline, of course.

    Any of the rest of it could get the conviction overturned by demonstrating that the evidence wasn't strong enough to support a guilty verdict. But with the other points, the Crown would still be able to take the line that Megrahi was at the airport when the bomb was smuggled on to KM180, it's just such a pity Gauci's memory wasn't perfect and the idiotic Yanks bribed him and so on. So we have to go through with the fiction that he didn't do it but we all know he did, really.

    With the bomb shown to have been present at Heathrow before the flight from Frankfurt landed, that's the end of that. Megrahi now has an alibi for the crime.

  7. By my reckoning the true number of victims(i.e. persons murdered) is somewhere between 269 and 277.

  8. 269? Very intriguing Baz.

    It's 1am and I decide I'll quickly check in to the blog before bed. I read your post with interest and now I'm wide awake mulling over all the possible scenarios that could make 269 possible.


  9. Well there is firstly the evidence of Dr John Fieldhouse who numbered a number of bodies only to have his work undone and to be labelled as some sort of ghoulish crank.

    Then there is the curious incident of American officials bringing what appeared to be a coffin into Longtown, Cumbria on the 22/12/89. Filmed by a local TV crew they demanded that the Police confiscate the footage!

    Above all there is the strange dash to get a CIA officer from Beirut to make his connection with Pan Am 103. He got a lift on US Ambassador John McCarthy's helicopter. Then McCarthy supposedly changed his mind (having risked the lives of the crew) and did not in fact board the plane at Luqa. It is not clear if McCarthy was even on the helicopter. I therefore suspect the only purpose of the helicopter was to get Mr Gannon to Luqa on time.

    In the lobby of CIA HQ where the CIA's killed on duty are honoured it is noted that the families of the dead are not always told the true circumstances in which their loved ones perished. However I do accept 270 bodies were recovered at Tundergarth.

    Of the remaining victims what do people think happened to Majid Giaka (and his wife) after his testimony was discredited (although believed by the US Garand Jury.) He didn't get a Gauci style payoff. Is he working in the CIA's carpool? The most serious threat to Al-Megrahi's conviction would have been for Giaka to go on Larry King or simply to publish his memoirs. Perhaps Mr Aamer should ask to interview him!

    How many of Giaka's family can be counted as Lockerbie victims? Every Libyan citizen was a hostage.

    Why wasn't Giaka's testimony believed beyond the evidence of the cables? Because he was lying or did the CIA represent him to be double agent a sophisticated Libyan plant? Perhaps his minders thought the best thing to do with him was to repatriate him. (I believe this is called "extraordinary rendition").